Suppose you have gone to your aunt’s home for a wedding function. There you have to sleep beside your aunts. But after sometimes you are having trouble falling asleep as one of your aunts snores so loudly. You are getting angry. But think about one thing. This cannot just breathe.It can be obstructive sleep apnea, which is a sleep disorder according to the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5th edition. It can cause severe problems for the patient. So being a family member, you should consult a doctor immediately because it can cause a critical problem in the future.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea: What Is it?
According to DSM5, it is a common breathing-related sleep disorder. Repeated episodes of upper airway obstruction characterize it during sleep, which causes snoring. Apnea is the total absence of the airway. Apnea represents a reduction in breathing of at least 10 seconds in duration in adults or two missed breaths in children and is typically associated with drops in oxygen saturation of 3%. The symptoms for obstructive sleep ap-nea are 1.noturnal breathing disturbances, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, or unrefreshing sleep despite sufficient opportunities to sleep. It is a pervasive disorder affecting at least 1%-2% of children,20% older. The age distribution of sleep ap-nea follows a J-shaped distribution. There is a peak in children. Obesity can also cause obstructive sleep apnea.
Causes and Diagnosis
Every disorder has a purpose, and if we can find the reason, then we can also solve the problem. Doctors are saying that the leading cause of obstructive sleep apnea is obesity, as the soft tissues in the mouth and throat obstruct the path of air. So if one can control food habits, then it is curable. Parents should monitor the food habits of their kids. Diabetes is also a cause for this disorder, as diabetes causes obesity sometimes. There are so many psychological causes of obstructive sleep apnea. Freud has given psychodynamic reasons for this. Sometimes post-traumatic stress disorder patients have obstructive sleep apnea as the traumatic events make disturbances during sleep time. Sometimes depression can cause obstructive sleep apnea. Another common cause of obstructive sleep apnea is anxiety. If someone is anxiety-prone, then it is natural to have this disorder. These are the common causes of obstructive sleep apnea. There are also other causes.
So to cure these problems, first of all, we have to change our food habits .we should have healthy diet planning with proper carbohydrates proteins, and vitamins .we should avoid oily foods, especially the parents should help their kids not to have fast foods and fatty foods. Because children are more prone to obstructive sleep apnea. The elders should have regular health check-ups because older adults are inclined to have diabetes, so for preventing this, they should have proper health check-ups. Sometimes high blood pressure levels can cause obstructive sleep apnea. So the older adults should check their blood pressure. For the psychological causes, the patient should consult a good psychologist. Psychological problems are not a matter of shame. So fearlessly, one should consult a psychologist if the reasons are psychological.